How Old is Machu Picchu
How old is Machu Picchu, the most representative city and visited of the ancient Peru, the mystery of its origin has been clarified on scientific studies that have been conducted.
The Carbon 14 test, places the date of its construction in 1450 of the Christian era, during the reign of the Inca Pachacutec. With this new research theories break down to Machu Picchu attributing an antiquity of 1000 years or made him appear as a fort built to defend against the Spanish conquerors.
It is said that Machu Picchu was built to house a thousand people in an area that belonged to King Pachacutec, the great builder, considered as the great founder of the Inca Empire. Other vestiges dating from this same reign are the Temple of the Sun, in Cuzco, the Korinkancha, which retain only a tower and the remains of walls.
It was built with granite, a material abundant in the area. Its central, semicircular, is occupied by a temple dedicated to the Sun
About 250 million years old have the rocks that were used to build the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu, one of the seven new wonders of the world. The report, which appears in the book "Geology in the Conservation of Machu Picchu," states that the rocks were formed at that time at a depth of five to ten miles of the earth's crust.
"Then with the process of Andean uplift, the rocks surfaced as fractured granite and were formed thousands of years 'blocks chaos'" said Victor Carlotto, an author and chief geoscientist of Mining and Metallurgical Geological Institute (Ingemmet).
"The work of the Incas was to stabilize these blocks, a difficult task, through terraces, walkways and platforms, and then built their buildings and drainage systems. They were unstable rocks and work with them easily, required the participation of thousands of people.
On the other hand, it reaffirms that there is no possibility of a large landslide that makes the aforementioned heritage disappear.
Machu Picchu is the most representative monument of Peru, is one of the most imposing and stunning monuments of South America.
Hidden among the cliffs and lush vegetation, the ancient city of Machu Picchu remained secret until the twentieth century, and not even the Spanish conquistadors in search of treasures, were able to find. Machu Picchu was quiet, uninhabited and silent in the mists of the Peruvian highlands with their secrets hidden since it was abandoned even before the conquest.
It is known that who made the scientific discovery of Machu Picchu was Hiram Bingham, an American historian. The American explorer Hiram Bingham, who on July 24, 1911 came to this land because of the comments he had heard about a hidden Inca citadel. Many people of Cusco knew beforehand this citadel. It is said that when Bingham reached Machu Picchu, he met two families who lived there, the Recharte and Alvarez, who continued planting and harvesting the Inca terraces, indeed, one of the children in the family Recharte was who took Bingham to the urban area of the citadel, which at the time, like most things in Machu Picchu, was hidden in the undergrowth.
Bingham instantly saw the value of what was in front of him, and knew from the beginning that this Inca citadel should be released to the world, therefore, managed the auspices of Yale University, the National Geographic Society and government of Peru to immediately start the excavations and scientific studies of this Inca enclave. Thus, after several excavations and pull weeds of the area, Machu Picchu was revealed to the world in 1913 in an article in National Geographic, causing and generating interest not only outside Peru, but even within 's own country, whose inhabitants, mostly unaware of the important finding that was unfolding at the time.
Despite being built on two isthmuses and in an area subject to earthquakes steadily and heavy rain throughout the year, the secret to this day have been found in the ingenious construction of the drainage system and the strength of its foundations.