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Machu Picchu Facts

Machu Picchu



2.438 meters above the sea level.

13º 9' 47'' south
72º 32' 44''

Surface Area
The ruins are located under the protection of the National System of Protected Natural Areas by the State called Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary that is spread over an area of 32,592 hectares in the basin of the river Vilcanota-Urubamba.


In this place it is warm and humid during the day and fresh during the night. The temperature ranges between 12 and 24 degrees Celsius. This zone is normally rainy (1955 mm), especially between November and March. 
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The district of Machu Picchu has 5.286 inhabitants according to the 2007 population and housing census.



There are two ways to get to Machu Picchu:

1. The traditional train. The duration is three or four hours.
2. A person who likes trekking,can choose the “Caminos Del Inca” which takes four days.

The Archaeological evidence shows, that in this place people practiced agriculture since 760 B.C.

In 1440 during the Campaign of Vilcambamba Pachacutec conquered several places. The first Inca ofthe Tahuantinsuyo Empirereminds us that the empire began at this point, but this society starts with the government of Manco Capac. 

According with some studies the population in Machu Picchu was only for the main Class (llactas) ranging between 300-1000 inhabitants.
The valleys in these areas produced a big agricultural production. But afterthe death of Pachacutec this place lost its importance, because his successors built new constructions like Ollaytantambo and Vilcambamba, that makes the route of Machu Picchu less used.
During the civil war between Atahualpa and Huascar, the rural population was annexed by Mitmas (person from another place of the empire). When thewar ended they left this place and returned to their homelands. In the colonial times, Manco Inca was exiled in Vilcambamba, so Machu Picchu was abandoned.

After that, some people like Antonio Raimondi crossed the grounds of the ruins without knowing where he was. After that Augusto Berns in 1867 formed a mining company to exploit the treasures of this place.

Hiram Bingham, was a professor interested in the last place where the Incas of Vilcambamba were. And he saw the ruins and thought this is the place where the Incas were established after losing their territory. Bingham didn’t discover Machu Picchu but he was the first who recognized the importance of the ruins.

Hiram Bingham

• Is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
• It is believed that no wheel was used to transport heavy rocks for the construction of the city.
• The structures were built with a technique called “ashlar”, stones that are cut to fit together without mortar that not even a needle can fit in between the stones.
• The citadel is divided in two parts: Hanan and Urin according with the Inca tradition.
• In the Quechua native language, “Machu Picchu” means “Old Peak” or “Old Mountain.”
• Although many of the stones that were used to build the city weighed more than 50 pounds, no wheels were used to move these rocks, up the mountain. Even though, it is thought that hundreds of men pushed the heavy rocks up the steep mountain side.
• Many of the porters will sleep with a shiny metal object or mirror beneath them when they are on the trail. They believe it sends away spirits coming up through the earth and whisking them away. Ask any guide or porter, and most will tell you that sometimes they have experienced the feeling of being pulled out of their tents by spirits of the past.
• How old is Machu Picchu, the most representative and ancient city of Peru, the mystery of its origin has been clarified on scientific studies that have been conducted. More Information >>>
• Can you imagine how big is Machu Picchu? The sanctuary is located in the district of Machu Picchu, in the province of Urubamba in the department of Cusco. Shows one of the most impressive archaeological ... More Information >>>
• Many people ask: why is Machu Picchu so important? The Citadel of Machu Picchu is considered the main tourist attraction in Peru and one of the most visited worldwide. More Information >>>
• Machu Picchu is also known as the Lost City, it is a mysterious wonder; the Incas built there a city of stone, without the aid of wheels or iron tools. This is the best example of Inca engineering. They built more than 600 terraces to prevent the city from sliding down the mountain. They designed a water supply system with a length of about 1 km. More Information >>>

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