2.438 meters above the sea level.
13º 9' 47'' south
72º 32' 44''
The ruins are located under the protection of the National System of
Protected Natural Areas by the State called Machu Picchu Historic
Sanctuary that is spread over an area of 32,592 hectares in the basin of
the river Vilcanota-Urubamba.
In this place it is warm and humid during the day and fresh during the
night. The temperature ranges between 12 and 24 degrees Celsius. This
zone is normally rainy (1955 mm), especially between November and March.
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The district of Machu Picchu has 5.286 inhabitants according to the 2007
population and housing census.
There are two ways to get to Machu Picchu:
1. The traditional train. The duration is three or four hours.
2. A person who likes trekking,can choose the “Caminos Del Inca” which
takes four days.
The Archaeological evidence shows, that in this place people practiced
agriculture since 760 B.C.
In 1440 during the Campaign of Vilcambamba Pachacutec conquered several
places. The first Inca ofthe Tahuantinsuyo Empirereminds us that the
empire began at this point, but this society starts with the government
of Manco Capac.
According with some studies the population in Machu Picchu was only for
the main Class (llactas) ranging between 300-1000 inhabitants.
The valleys in these areas produced a big agricultural production. But
afterthe death of Pachacutec this place lost its importance, because his
successors built new constructions like Ollaytantambo
and Vilcambamba, that makes the route of Machu Picchu less used.
During the civil war between Atahualpa and Huascar, the rural population
was annexed by Mitmas (person from another place of the empire). When
thewar ended they left this place and returned to their homelands. In
the colonial times, Manco Inca was exiled in Vilcambamba, so Machu
Picchu was abandoned.
After that, some people like Antonio Raimondi crossed the grounds of the
ruins without knowing where he was. After that Augusto Berns in 1867
formed a mining company to exploit the treasures of this place.
Hiram Bingham, was a professor interested in the last
place where the Incas of Vilcambamba were. And he saw the ruins and
thought this is the place where the Incas were established after losing
their territory. Bingham didn’t discover Machu Picchu but he was the
first who recognized the importance of the ruins.
• Is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
• It is believed that no wheel was used to transport heavy rocks for the
construction of the city.
• The structures were built with a technique called “ashlar”, stones
that are cut to fit together without mortar that not even a needle can
fit in between the stones.
• The citadel is divided in two parts: Hanan and Urin according with the
• In the Quechua native language, “Machu Picchu” means “Old Peak” or
• Although many of the stones that were used to build the city weighed
more than 50 pounds, no wheels were used to move these rocks, up the
mountain. Even though, it is thought that hundreds of men pushed the
heavy rocks up the steep mountain side.
• Many of the porters will sleep with a shiny metal object or mirror
beneath them when they are on the trail. They believe it sends away
spirits coming up through the earth and whisking them away. Ask any
guide or porter, and most will tell you that sometimes they have
experienced the feeling of being pulled out of their tents by spirits of
• How old is Machu Picchu, the most representative and ancient city of
Peru, the mystery of its origin has been clarified on scientific studies
that have been conducted. More Information
• Can you imagine how big is Machu Picchu? The sanctuary is located in
the district of Machu Picchu, in the province of Urubamba in the
department of Cusco. Shows one of the most impressive archaeological ... More Information >>>
• Many people ask: why is Machu Picchu so important? The Citadel of
Machu Picchu is considered the main tourist attraction in Peru and one
of the most visited worldwide. More
• Machu Picchu is also known as the Lost City, it is a mysterious
wonder; the Incas built there a city of stone, without the aid of wheels
or iron tools. This is the best example of Inca engineering. They built
more than 600 terraces to prevent the city from sliding down the
mountain. They designed a water supply system with a length of about 1
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