Lake Titicaca is the world's highest
navigable lake and the center of a region where thousands of
subsistence farmers eke out a living fishing in its icy waters,
growing potatoes in the rocky land at its edge or herding llama
and alpaca at altitudes that leave Europeans and North Americans
gasping for air. It is also where traces of the rich Indian past
still stubbornly cling, resisting in past centuries the Spanish
conquistadors' aggressive campaign to erase Inca and preInca
cultures and, in recent times, the lure of modernization.
When Peruvians talk of turquoise blue Titacaca, they proudly
note that it is so large it has waves. This, the most sacred
body of water in the Inca empire and now the natural separation
between Peru and Bolivia, has a surface area exceeding 8,000
square kilometers (3,100 square miles), not counting its more
than 30 islands.
The most famous islands are:
Uros, located in the Bay of Puno
Taquile, located 35 kilometers
from the City of Puno
Amantani, it is 38 kilometers from the city of Puno
Suasi which is located 70 kilometers from the city of Puno.
The climate in the surrounding areas of the lake is not
extremely cold as one would expect about 3800 meters. The area
surrounding the lake is the most important geo-economic region
south Peruvian Andes, only in this area are the 49% alpaca, 32%
of sheep, 29% of flames and 10% of all cattle Peru.
The population has also grown greatly in this area, only in the
Peruvian living around the lake more than a million people. Due
to the climate and agriculture subsisting by the moderate
climate that produces the Lake Titicaca. If the Lake Titicaca
not exists, this area had been a frozen wasteland without
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